[BIO Logo] The British Informatics Olympiad is
the computing competition for schools and colleges.
We are proud to present BIO 2000.

The 2000 British Informatics Olympiad - Round One

Time allowed: 3 hours


You should write a program for part (a) of each question, and produce written answers to the remaining parts. The written questions can be solved without writing the program for part (a), although you may write a program to help produce these answers if you wish.

You may use a calculator and the on-line help that your programming language provides, and you should have a pen, some blank paper, and a blank floppy disk on which to save your programs. You must not use any other material such as disks, files on a computer network, books or other written information.

Mark the first page used for your written answers with your name, age in years and school/college. Number all pages in order if you use more than one sheet. All of your computer programs should display your name and school/college when they are run, and the floppy disk you use to submit the programs should also show your name and school/college.

For your programs to be marked, the source code must be saved, along with executables if your language includes a compiler. This includes programs used to help answer written questions. You must clearly indicate the name given to each program on your answer sheet(s).

Sample runs are given for parts 1(a), 2(a) and 3(a). Bold text indicates output from the program, and normal text shows data that has been entered. The output format of your programs should follow the 'sample run' examples. Your programs should take less than two minutes of processing time for each test.

Attempt as many questions as you can. Marks allocated to each part are shown in square brackets next to the questions. Partial solutions (such as programs that only satisfy some of the specified requirements, or partly completed written answers) may get partial marks. Questions can be answered in any order.


The British Informatics Olympiad